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Упражнения.

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Упражнение 1.

Передайте следующие повелительные предложе­ния в косвенной речи.

1. The teacher said to me, “Hand this note to your parents, please.” 2. Oleg said to his sister, “Put the letter in an envelope and give it to Kate.” 3. “Please help me with this work, Henry,” said Robert. 4. “Please bring me some fish soup,” he said to the waitress. 5. “Don’t worry over such a small thing,” she said to me. 6. “Please don’t mention it to anybody,” Mary said to her friend. 7. “Promise to come and see me,” said Jane to Alice. 8. He said to us, “Come here tomorrow.” 9. I said to Mike, “Send me a telegram as soon as you arrive.” 10. Father said to me, “Don’t stay there long.”

 

Упражнение 2.

Передайте следующие повествовательные пред­ложения в косвенной речи.

1. The woman said to her son, “I am glad I am here.” 2. Mike said, “We have bought these books today.” 3. She said to me, “Now I can read your translation.” 4. “This man spoke to me on the road,” said the woman. 5. “I can’t explain this rule to you,” my classmate said to me. 6. The teacher said to the class, “We shall discuss this subject tomorrow.” 7. Our teacher said, “Thackeray’s novels are very interesting.” 8. “She said, “You will read this book in the 9th form.” 9. Nellie said, “I read ‘Jane Eyre’ last year.” 10. “My friend lives in Moscow,” said Alec.

 

Упражнение 3.

Передайте следующие специальные вопросы в кос­венной речи.

6. She said to Boris, “When will you be back home?” 7. Boris said to them, “How can I get to the railway station?” 8. Mary asked Tom, “What time will you come here tomor­row?” 9. She asked me, “Why didn’t you come here yesterday?” 10. She asked me, “What will you do tomorrow if you are not busy at your office?”

 

Упражнение 4.

Передайте следующие общие вопросы в косвенной речи.

1. I said to Boris, “Does your friend live in Lon­don?” 2. They said to the man, “Are you living in a hotel?” 3. He said to his friend, “Will you stay at the Hilton?” 4. He said to me, “Do you often go to see your friends?” 5. He said to me, “Will you see your friends before you leave St Petersburg?”
Урок 16. Заболевания сердечно-сосудистой системы. (Cardiovascular diseases)

 

Текстовый глоссарий:

cardiovascular disease – сердечно-сосудистое за-болевание to involve - включать blood vessels – кровеносные сосуды to affect – воздейство-вать cardiologist - кардиолог vascular – сосудистая система neurologist - невролог interventional radiologist – интервенционистский рентгенолог overlap - совпадение procedure - процедура to face - сталкиваться to detect - определять underlying cause – основная причина to advance – продви-гаться emphasis – ударение preventing – предот-вращая modifying – изменяя avoidance – предотвр-ащение thoracic - грудной

 

Cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular diseases refers to the class of diseases that involve the h eart or blood vessels (arteries and veins). While the term technically refers to any disease that affects the cardiovascular system, it is usually used to refer to those related to atherosclerosis (arterial disease). These conditions have similar causes, mechanisms, and treatments. In practice, cardiovascular disease is treated by cardiologists, thoracic surgeons, vascular surgeons, neurologists, and interventional radiologists, depending on the organ system that is being treated. There is considerable overlap in the specialties, and it is common for certain procedures to be performed by different types of specialists in the same hospital.

Most countries face high and increasing rates of cardiovascular disease. Each year, heart disease kills more Americans than cancer.

By the time that heart problems are detected, the underlying cause (atherosclerosis) is usually quite advanced, having progressed for decades. There is therefore increased emphasis on preventing atherosclerosis by modifying risk factors, such as healthy eating, exercise and avoidance of smoking.


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