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Essential Phonetics

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  2. Give five examples to prove that phonetics is connected with grammar.

vowels / гласные*

 

Phonetic Symbol   Examples
  i:   he, tree, feed, lead, reach, people, receive, piece
i ship, it, ticket, this, king, shilling, rich
e bed, egg, pen, men, well, menu, lead, endeavor
æ bad, that, pan, man, can, Spanish, black
a: dark, arm, car, are, pass, mast, vastly, staff, draft
o not, lot, song, from, coffee, wash, what
o: forty, morning, small, ball, author, warm, walk
u put, full, look, good, foot, chose, book
u: blue, June, who, move, do, too,noon, soup,group
Ù up, cup, much, sun, but, some, come, done
ə : her, Thursday, burn, third, thirteen, worm, work
ə a, the, under, father, address, servant, Saturday

 

diphthongs / дифтонги*

 

  ei   say, baby, plate, table, wait, Spain
ou those, rose, Poland, hotel, show,snow,coat, toast
ai five, nine, ice, side, kite, wise, why,my, eye
au count, cloud, house, flower, how, now, wow
oi boy, toy, noise, boil, voice
dear, clear, deer, really, ear
where, their, chair, hair, care,mare
four, door, your, more, floor
sure, poor,tour,dour
ju: puma, humus, Punic, nudist, tube
triphthongs / трифтонги
juə pure, cure, lure, during,fury
aiə fire, shire, wire, hire, tyre, lyre

CONSONANTS / согласные*

Phonetic Symbol Examples
  p pen, pay, people, pull, open, help,cup,apply, surprise
b be, bath, boy, bad, husband, obey, goblet, pub, Bob
t train, tree, tea, table, sit, inkpot, hotel, stop
d door, day, desk, sad, kind, world, Friday, Sunday
k cold, car, class, back, clock,king, kick, cuckoo
g gold, girl, bag, dog, begin, regard, grass, greet
f fine, safe, flower, fifteen, after, sufficient, phrase, philosophy
v very, save, vegetable, seven, never, ever, ivy, velvet
q thank, thick, thin, nothing, think, twentieth,bath
ð then, that, there, weather, with, together, bathe
s so, sit, sleep, thinks, place, cinema, Saturday
z zero, zest, has, knives, comes, plays, noise, rose
ò ship, sharp, shilling, short, ash, fish, English,push
ʒ pleasure, measure, treasure,leisure,beige
Charles, change, each, Richard, much, match, fetch
d3 John, judge, age, Japan, language,fledge,Eugene
h his, happy, here, help, unhappy, ahead,
m man, make, many, my, swim,firm,lemon, swimming
n name, near, then, finish, Finland, Spaniard
h song, thing, working, English, king,nothing,meaning
r around, very, rich, every, sorrel, room, red
l leave, long, full, pull, greatly, last, easily, lilac, plan
w will, work, away, when, window, wash, whammy, while
j yellow, year, you, young, yes, yacht, yea, piano  

*В таблицах приведены примеры произношения различных буквосочетаний гласных и согласных в словах английского языка для тренировки правильного чтения.


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