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Part II

Listen to the tape and answer the following questions

1. When and by whom was Esperanto invented?

2. Where do its vocabulary and grammar come from?

3. What does it sound like?

4. How many people speak it?

5. What does the name “Esperanto” mean?

6. What is the central idea of Esperanto?

7. What are the advantages of Esperanto as a world language?

8. What are the main problems of learning English?

9. What is the tense system of Esperanto like?

10. How many vowels are there in Esperanto and in English?

11. In which countries is Esperanto quite popular?

4. Complete the statements in your own words:

1. Why should people have to learn English? For many it’s … …

2. The other thing that must be said is that English is by no means an easy language to learn: … …

3. English is one of those languages that seem easy in the beginning but … …

4. Esperanto is a very easy language to learn. … …

5. Guess what the following words in Esperanto mean in English:

1) Dankon!

2) Bonvolu.

3) Bone!

4) Estas bela tago.

5) Mi amas vin.

6) Gis la revido!

7) Mi nomigas

8) Mi ne comprenas vin.

Guide for the tape


1) What are the most important things in learning a language successfully?

Rank the following before listening to the tape:

· Motivation

· Independence

· The teacher

· Intelligence

· Being an extravert

· Good books

· Practice

· Peers \ the group

· Regular revision

· Ability to organize one’s studies

· A good ear


2) Listen to the recording and mark the statements as true or false:

1. In the world there are more people who learned a foreign language in a classroom than out of classroom.

2. Instrumental motivation makes the learner master a language faster.

3. Integrative motivation is imposed on pupils at school.

4. You need to be an extravert to learn languages successfully.

5. You should have confidence to make mistakes.

6. Intelligence is the most important quality for a language learner.

7. Learning skills are the abilities which help learners to progress faster.

8. The role of a teacher is crucial in language learning.

9. Independence and freedom of students should be limited.


3) Are you a good language learner? Why / why not?

Guide for the tape


Study the following vocabulary before listening

Part I

Explain the meaning of the underlined parts:

1. Manufacturers grudgingly shell out the cash.

2. The employees have the technical and managerial abilities.

3. Many individuals have risen to the challenge.

4. They are seeking for a new job advancement.

5. Multilingual individuals have a competitive edge.

6. The companies prefer to recruit upcoming graduates.

7. Knowing a foreign language increases the communication and negotiating potential.

8. Any level of language proficiency shows a bit of a commitment to the client.

9. Relying on another’s language ability you can abdicate control of the situation.

10. Sometimes it is difficult to pick up the subtleties of a conversation

11. Knowing a foreign language helps to stay current with the global changes.

Part II

commitment to the client

a language learning incentive

to flex one’s creative muscle

to tackle a language

to steer clear of

have smth under one’s belt

crash courses


dictionary dependence

vocabulary builder

contextual clue

to fall into place

Listen to the tape. Answer the following questions:


Why do industrial manufacturers in Virginia have to “shell out the cash” each year? Why do they do it grudgingly?

What requirement is emphasized during the hiring process?

Who has a competitive edge today?

What can increase the communication potential of a situation?

Why is the potential for miscommunication great when interpreters are used?

Which foreign languages are in high demand now?

Which language is the most popular among policy-makers? Why?



What are the main personal benefits in learning a foreign language?

a) How can you memory and creativity be improved?

b) Why do the speakers feel more confident?

What four questions should language learners ask themselves before tackling a language?

What are some tips for the learning process?

a) Why should crash courses be avoided?

c) What advice is given about reading books and watching video?

d) Which is better from the speaker’s point of view, practice or learning rules?


* What are your personal tips or techniques for mastering a language?


Guide for the tape


(R. Moody)

I. Pre-listening:

What do you know about British radio and TV?

Are they different from Belarusian mass media? In what way?

II. General listening:

1. Listen to the recording and make a plan of it.

2. Answer the following questions:

a) What two main sectors can the British radio be split into?

b) How did the private radio sector develop?

c) What sources does the private radio sector derive its financing from?

d) What is the role of radio in modern life?

e) What two sectors does the British television fall into?

f) What is the difference between The BBC and ITV?

g) What are the disadvantages of the expansion of private, satellite and cable TV?

h) What role does television play in British life?

i) How does the speaker estimate the future of television? Is he pessimistic or optimistic about it?

3. Explain the meaning of the following phrases:

TACIS programme Peak times

Pirate radio stations Terrestrial TV

To start off-shore Purchasing power of a channel

All-in-one-home entertainment concept Licensing fee

Breakfast TV Satellite and cable industry


III. Detailed listening:

1. Listen to the recording again. Write out various types of TV programmes the speaker mentions. What are they?

2. Write out the link-phrases used by the speaker to introduce new ideas, personal views or make conclusions.

e. g. On the one hand…

3. Write out the English equivalents to the following phrases:

Транслировать на незарегистрированной частоте

Телевизор включен целый день

Получать доходы от рекламы

Подогнать под зрителя

Абонентская плата взимается за год


Значимость радио уменьшилась за последние 30 лет

Объединение всех технологий

Доступны качество и разнообразие

Прилипнуть к экрану

Очень прибыльная сфера развлечений

Гарантируют постоянное обновление

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