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Prologue

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PART I

 

UNIT 1

Read the text and get ready to speak about physics.

Prologue

Discovering physics... a good, ringing title! But what exactly is physics? Whatdiscoveries have physicists been able to make, and what new discoveries are physicists making today? Why bother 'discovering physics'? What is the excitement of physics? What is the use of physics?

Four hundred years ago the term physicist would not have been understood. The study of science was then the study of natural philosophy – a single discipline concerned with the scientific investigation of all natural phenomena, and the subsequent formulation of 'laws of nature' capable of embracing these phenomena. But since those Renaissance days, the growth of scientific knowledge has been so great that natural philosophy has divided into numerous different disciplines – physics, chemistry, Earth sciences, zoology, botany, metallurgy, meteorology, oceanography ... and many others. Nevertheless, it is perhaps true to say that of all the natural sciences, physics remains closest to the original ideal of those early natural philosophers; it is that branch of science still most directly concerned with studying 'natural' events and with adducing the fundamental laws of nature.

To attempt to define physics in a couple of sentences, however, is all but impossible. The dictionary describes it as 'the study of matter, energy, and motion'. And certainly physics is, in large part, about understanding the material world, and the interaction of one part of it with another. Yet clearly, physics is also what physicists do, and as such it reflects all the kinds of abstract qualities that accompany any field of human endeavour. Physics is a curious mixture of creative effort and lucky discovery, of painstaking experimentation and mathematical deduction, of accumulated knowl­edge and unifying ideas, of philosophical implications and practical applications. Strangely enough, physics is also about faith and aesthetics. Many new insights in physics have been prompted by a firm belief (often based on nothing more than 'gut feeling') that the 'true' explanation of some phenomenon cannot possibly be as complicated as it would at first sight appear. Most physicists would agree that one of the goals of physics is to attempt to 'explain the world' with the simplest possible array of ideas and equations. Many would go even further and argue that the mathe­matics we use in doing this should be not merely useful, but elegant also! And perhaps it is because physics displays all these many different facets that it is a fascinating, even if at times difficult, subject to study.

 


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What the customer wants | Losers and gainers | A full toolbox | Follow-up Activities | An Undergraduate Physics Success Story | Pre – reading and Reading Tasks | The Physics Job Market | Employment of new PhDs | Postdoctoral appointments | Language work |


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